On the Rimini battlefields the Italian and
Foreign Military Schools
study all the kinds of warfare
of the Battle of Rimini
First let us pay
homage to all the Fallen of the Rimini battle, whose 4620 Allied ones lay
in the 5 war Cemeteries of Montecchio (Pesaro), Gradara, Coriano (Anglo-Canadians),
Riccione (Greek), Highway Rimini-San Marino (Gurkha) whilst the Germans
lay in the war Cemetery at the Futa Pass, They are continuously visited by
relatives and friends.
A scientific visit to the places where it
was most harshly fought is not yet possible. Up to the present there are
not identified and marked out clear and sound war itineraries neither are there
suitable guides. In the Riminese area, Authorities, Parties and Military
Schools, Italian and foreign, apply to the CID "Linea Gotica", trusting in
the availability of its President. On the initiative of the Centre, as a
token of Peace and Reconciliation the towns of Tavullia and Gemmano have
erected Memorials to the Fallen of both the sides which are added to the
British Memorial at Montecieco and to the memorial tablet of the town of Riccione in the church of S. Lorenzino,
where the Canadians of the R.C.R.(Royal Cdn Regt.) fought violently
against the parachutists, the "Green Devils" of Montecassino.
War itineraries suggested by the Centro
Surprise attack on a fortified line. Breaching of the Gothic Line n.1. Montecchio, Canadian Memorial at Pt 204
of Tavullia, Madonna of Mount Peloso, Monteluro. Surprise attack of the
1st Canadian Army Corps on 1st Para Div. and 26. Panzer Div..Attack of the
British 5th Army Corps on 71. and 278. Inf. Div. at Belvedere Fogliense,
Monte Gridolfo, Mondaino, Saludecio. Victoria Cross to G.R. Norton of the
46th British Division. The II Polish Corps at Pesaro.
Attack on a too long fortified
line.Threatening the enemy on his flank. The two battles of Coriano.
Anglo-Canadian halt at Gothic Line n.2 and later breaching of the Line.
Coriano. Coriano ridge, Castelleale, Agello, San Clemente, Passano, San
Savino, Croce, theatre of the most bloody fighting of the whole Italian
Campaign. Intervention of. the 29. Panzer Grenadier Div. and of 98. Inf.
Div. Lt Schmidt "impossible counterattack" at the Poggio of Pedrolara.
Mountains are suited to relative defense.
Gemmano The hill of Gemmano defended by the 100th Mountain Regt. against
the 10 days attacks of the 56th, 46th. Brit. and 4th Indian Div., coming
from three directions, Conca river, Montefiore and Tavoleto, Pian di
Mountains are not suited to absolute defense.US
breaching of the Gothic Line n.1 in Tuscany. Scarperia Giogo Pass, Mount
Altuzzo and Monticelli. The 5 days attack of the 85 and 91 Divisions
against the 12th Para Regt.
Retreat after a lost battle. Besanigo,
Marano, S. Lorenzo in Corregiano, Villa des Vergers and the barrage of S.
Martino Montelabbate where seventy parachutists bar for 3 days the
Canadian advance to the Covignano hill.
Struggle in neutral territories. The San
Marino Republic. Mount Pulito, Dogana, Falciano. Defence of the 278.Inf.
Div. against 46th Brit. and 4th Indian Div. Victoria Cross to the Gurkha
Sher Bahadur Thapa, buried in the Gurkha Cemetery on the Rimini-San Marino
highway together with Gurkha Thaman Gurung V.C.
"A risky business to attack an able opponent
in a good position". Montecieco, the 2nd Balaclava.. The charge of the
Queen's Bays against the 90.Pz. Gren. Div. of famous general Ernst G.
Baade. Attack of the 56th Brit. Div. on Ceriano and S. Cristina. The 1st
Brit. Armoured Div. disbanded.
Attack on vast extension cordons. Breaching
of Rimini Yellow Line. The Canadian breaching of the Yellow Line at S.
Fortunato (Covignano Hill). Greeks enter Rimini on Sept. 21st.
Epic of the Nepalese Gurkha Fusiliers. Torriana, Montebello, "the slaughter of the Gurkhas".The 43rd Gurkha Bde's
conquest of Santarcangelo defended by 20. Luftwaffe Div. The halt of
56th Div. at Savignano, in front of the Rubicone river.
Pursue of the enemy. The New Zealander
attack. At Celle (Rimini), Viserba, Torre Pedrera, Bellaria against Paras
No victory will be effective without pursuit.
US breaching of Gothic Line n.2. Monte Battaglia, decisive battle of the
US 88 Div. helped by the partisans of 36th Brigade. Castel del Rio
Monghidoro, Loiano, Livergnano. No pursuit along the Santerno valley. Halt
in front of Bologna at Pianoro, Belmonte and Monte Grande.